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Custom Transmission Lines

If you want to add “custom” transmission lines with your own parameters, you have types 0, 1, and 2 available, Fig. 1, which are explained below.

Fig. 1: The first three types of transmission lines, types 0, 1, and 2, are customizable lines.

Type 0: Custom Lossless Line

This is an ideal transmission line with zero losses, so only the nominal Z0 and velocity factor must be specified.

Type 1: Custom line – low loss model

This is a transmission line where the nominal Z0, velocity factor, and matched loss curve can be specified. To define the matched loss curve, two attenuation values must be entered at two different frequencies, with the second frequency being greater than the first. AN-SOF will then adjust a low-loss model to obtain an attenuation vs. frequency curve for subsequent calculations. This is the simplest way to enter parameters from the datasheet of a manufactured real transmission line. Refer to Adding a Custom Lossy Line where it explains how to add the parameters from an attenuation curve published in a datasheet of a real cable.

Type 2: Custom line – RLGC model

This is a transmission line model that considers losses by adjusting a matched loss curve to the table of attenuation vs. frequency in the cable datasheet. The K0, K1, and K2 constants must be entered in this case. The definition of K0, K1, and K2 assumes that the frequency is in Hz and the lengths are in meters (SI metric units). This option allows for the entry of K0, K1, and K2 obtained from third-party transmission line calculators (K3 is an additional constant that is zero for all available cables).

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